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Author Guidelines




The duties and responsibilities of editors, authors, and reviewers are outlined here

The Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage is published three times a year.

Manuscripts covering any aspect of astronomical heritage are welcome, including those placing astronomy in a cultural, social, economic, and historical context.

There are no page charges and no access fees.


All contributions must be written in English, in 10pt Arial, with single-spaced text that is left and right justified.

Manuscripts submitted with poor English writing will be rejected. It is the responsibility of the author(s) to ensure the text, grammar, and flow are suitable for a professional academic journal. Editors WILL NOT work to substantially improve the writing of a submitted manuscript.

Manuscripts in another language are permitted, provided an English copy is also provided.

Manuscripts may include a title and abstract in another language IN ADDITION to English, provided it is done professionally by a fluent speaker. Do not use online or Google translators to translate titles or text from English to another language.


We encourage abstracts in Indigenous languages related to the manuscript, if applicable. For example, if the manuscript is focused on the Kamilaroi Aboriginal people of Australia, an abstract and title may also be provided in the Kamilaroi language, which can be included in the final paper. It is the responsibility of the author(s) to ensure the translation is correct.

All pages must be numbered sequentially.


S.I. units should be used throughout, and dates must be listed in the form "16 September 1857" or "September 1857".

A space should be left before and after headings, between paragraphs, and before and after indented quotations.


First lines of each paragraph should be indented except for those immediately under a heading.

The first page of the paper should include the title; the author's name, postal address and e-mail address; an abstract; and up to five keywords that can be used for indexing. The abstract should not be longer than 300 words, and must be intelligible by itself without reference to the rest of the paper.

Sections should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals (i.e. 1, 2, 3 etc.) and the headings capitalized in bold 10pt Arial.


For Subsections use bold lower case second-order headings, numbered 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, etc.


Third-order subheadings should be lower case regular print, numbered 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, etc.


Fourth-order subheadings should be lower case italicised print, numbered,,, etc. Here is an example from the "Discussion" Section of a hypothetical paper about astronomical spectroscopy:

     3.1 Important Developments in Astronomical Spectroscopy

     3.1.1 Kirchhoff’s Contribution Kirchhoff’s Laboratory Observations

All headings should be left-justified.


Apart from the Abstract, all headings (including "Notes", "Acknowledgements" and "References‟) must be numbered.



Tables should be placed together at the end of the paper (not embedded in the body of the paper). All tables should be numbered consecutively, and should be referred to in the body of the text.


Every table should have a title, and if the table is reproduced from a published source that this should be identified in parentheses at the end of the title. Column headings should be brief with the units indicated in the line below between parentheses. Zero should be placed before the decimal point in all values less than 1.0. If references are used in tables, be sure to include them in the Reference section of the paper. If possible, all text in tables should be in 8pt Arial.




"Figures" include line drawings and photographs (black and white, and colour) and are encouraged.


Figures should be scanned at 300 dpi or better and may be embedded in the original WORD manuscript submission.

High resolution JPG or TIFF versions will be requested if the paper is accepted.

All figures should be numbered consecutively, and must be referred to in the body of the text. With maps, plans of observatories, etc., make sure that a scale and North arrow are included in order to indicate size, distance and direction.

Where relevant, it is up to the author(s) to obtain copyright release for images used and to pay the appropriate reproduction fees. You must obtain written documentation of this from the instititution holding the original images, and include this information when you submit your manuscript.

Finally, do not forget to include a list of figure captions at the end of the paper (after the References section and any tables).


The source of each figure should be mentioned in the caption. If from an archive, some other repository or a private collection then use the following style:

  • "(courtesy: Joe Smith Collection, A4/24)";

If the figure has been reproduced from a published source then use:

  • "(after Smith, 1998: 48)".


Make sure to include this latter reference in the References section, or the "Smith Collection" in the Acknowledgements section.

If a figure contains words or text, use Arial font if possible.


Equations should be numbered sequentially at the right hand margin. Make sure that you indicate clearly the difference between similar letters and numbers, e.g., the letter "l" and the number "1"; the letter "o" and zero (0); the letter "u" and mu (μ); the letter "n" and eta (η).


Give the meaning of all symbols immediately before or after the equation in which they are first used. Indicate clearly subscripts and superscripts. For fractions that are not listed on your version of Word use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line. Use standard symbols and notations whenever possible.



Quotations of about 30 words or less should be set in the text within double quotation marks. Longer quotations should be indented (left and right), without the use of quotation marks. A half-line space should be left before and after all indented quotations. All underlining, italics, superscripts and subscripts that appear in the original should be faithfully reproduced (where possible) in the quotations.

If you only reproduce part of the original text then use the following style:

  • "... and this was confirmed during the following transit ..." (Smith, 1998: 48), or

  • "This was confirmed during the following transit ..." (Smith, 1998: 48), or

  • "... and this was confirmed during the following transit." (Smith, 1998: 48).


If you wish to place an insert within a quotation then this should be shown in square brackets, e.g. “... and this was confirmed during the following transit [i.e., in 1882].” (Smith, 1998: 48). 


These should be cited by author's name and date of publication, and where a quotation is given must be followed by the relevant page number(s). Hypothetical examples are:

After reviewing the North American observations, Dick (1992: 15) concluded that "On the basis of the accumulated published evidence, this value of the solar parallax appears problematic ...", and subsequent research by Dick (pers. comm., 1998) only served to confirm this suspicion (cf. Batten and Stephenson, 1997; Kochhar, 1996; Warner, et al., 1993).

Note that when more than one reference is involved, these should be listed alphabetically (not by date order).


Note, also, that publications written by more than two authors are referred to by the first author plus "et al." (as in Warner et al., above), even though the names of all authors must be listed in the References at the end of the paper (unless there are more than five of them, when "et al." should again be used).


This must include all published, Web-based or manuscript sources used, listed in alphabetical order by author, or if no author by title. Unpublished "personal communications" should not be included here — simply list these people in the Acknowledgements.

Use the following examples as a guide. They include books and chapters of books, research papers in journals, newspaper articles, and manuscript sources. Note that the names of periodicals should be given in full; this avoids confusion and ambiguity since some history of astronomy papers are published in non-astronomical (e.g. historical or history of science) journals.

For Periodicals

Andrews, A.D., 1997. Cyclopaedia of telescope-makers. Part 7: T‒Z. The Irish Astronomical Journal, 24, 125-192.

Chapman, A., 1983. The accuracy of angular measuring instruments used in astronomy between 1500 and 1850. Journal for the History of Astronomy, 14, 133-137.

Monthly Notices of the Astronomical Society of Southern Africa, 24(4), 16-17 (1948). [If no author and title are listed.]


Obituary: Sir Joseph Norman Lockyer. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 81, 261‒266 (1921). [If no author is listed.]


For Newspaper Entries


Tebbutt, J., 1861. The comet. The Empire, June 26.

The Comet. The Empire, June 28 (1861). [If no author is listed.]

The Empire, June 28, page 5 (1861). [If no author and title are listed.]


For Edited Symposia, Proceedings, etc.

Jeffery, P.M., Burman, R.R., and Budge, J.R., 1989. Wallal: the total solar eclipse of 1922 September 21. In Blair, D.G. and Buckingham, M.J. (eds.). Proceedings of the Fifth Marcel Grossman Meeting. University of Western Australia, Perth. Pp. 13431350.

For Monographs, Books and Chapters of Books


Colonial Astronomer: Copies of all Correspondence Between the Governor General and the Secretary of State Respecting the Appointment of the Rev. W. Scott as Colonial Astronomer. Sydney, Government Printer (1857). [If no author or editor is listed.]

Howse, D., 1989. Nevil Maskelyne. The Seamen’s Astronomer. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.


Sullivan, W.T., 1988. Karl Janksy and the beginnings of radio astronomy. In Kellermann, K., and Sheets, B. (eds.). Serendipitous Discoveries in Radio Astronomy. Green Bank, National Radio Astronomy Observatory. Pp. 39-56.

For Unpublished Sources


Airy, G., 1857. Letter to P.P. King, dated October 30. Mitchell Library, Sydney (AR 4216).
Berendzen, R., 1968. The Career Development and Education of Astronomers in the United States. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Astrophysics, Harvard University.

Tebbutt, J., 1860-1861. Astronomical Observations. MS, Mitchell Library, Sydney (AR 3647).


Tebbutt, J., 1874. Untitled journal of transit of Venus observations. MS, Mitchell Library, Sydney (AR 3682).

For Second-hand References


Lassell, W., 1847. Discovery of a new planet. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 8, 83-84. Cited by J.L. Perdrix in Journal of the Astronomical Society of Victoria, 33, 86-92 (1980). 


Footnotes should be avoided if at all possible, but if essential they should be indicated by superscript numbers in the text and placed in a separate "Notes" section near the end of the paper, immediately preceding the "Acknowledgements".


All Notes should be kept as short as possible, and if they include references be sure to include these in the list of References.




  1. Title

  2. Author's name

  3. Affiliation and Address

  4. E-mail address

  5. Abstract

  6. Keywords

  7. Body of the text

  8. Notes (optional)

  9. Acknowledgements

  10. References

  11. Tables

  12. Figures captions (embedded in manuscript).

  13. Figures (embedded in manuscript). 


As of 2022, JAHH will introduce Production Fees. This is necessary to keep the journal going and free for all readers. Note that these fees are per paper, for completed papers, not per page, and are based on the final camera-ready size of the completed A4 paper.


The following Production Fees now apply:

Size of Paper (in USD$)
01-10 pages: $100
11-20 pages: $180
21-30 pages: $250
31-40 pages: $300
41-50 pages: $350
  > 50 pages: negotiable

The Production Fee will include refereeing of the paper, and its subsequent editing and formatting. Those publishing papers in JAHH will pay the relevant Production Fee in two installments, the first of which will be due upon submission before the paper is sent out for refereeing, and second and final payment will be made once the camera-ready version of the paper has been prepared, immediately prior to publication.


Authors will be invoiced for both payments, which will be made by direct electronic transfer of funds from bank to bank. Relevant details will be provided with the first invoice.

If the referees do not support publication of a paper and the JAHH Editorial Team agrees with their assessment then the paper will be withdrawn and the second Production Fee installment will no longer be payable (but note that the initial installment is non-refundable).


To submit a manuscript, authors must register with JAHH here. Once they have registered, they can login to their account and complete their personal information. Authors then click on the Submit Manuscript link and fill the content. Once accepted, authors will be required to pay the page charge fee prior to publication.

Authors must ensure that submitted manuscripts meet the Author Guidelines and they must read and agree to the Ethics & Malpractice Statement. Authors should submit manuscripts in MS Word format with all images, tables, and related information embedded. Images in this version do not have to be high resolution. If accepted for publication, the editor will request individual high-resolution images and/or other documents as separate files.

Word documents of manuscripts submitted to JAHH must not exceed 15Mb in size.

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